ignored Back pain and BodyBuilding

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Back pain: the causes of pain, weakness, and problems of various nature in the back can be due to numerous and different factors, for this reason, various professional figures often intervene in treating the pathology (physiotherapists, osteopaths, orthopedic doctors).bodybuilding is very useful for us.

Those who practice bodybuilding subject their back to a series of stresses that can give rise to pain and discomfort, if the correct posture is not maintained and the effort and weight are not evenly and evenly distributed between the various limbs and the various muscle groups. Often, pain also affects the lower back.

Sometimes, bodybuilding despite precautions and precautions, the pain still comes. It is good to remember that pain should not be ignored: continuing to carry out heavy exercises ignoring the signals that the body sends, leads to the inevitable worsening of symptoms. Stopping your workouts for a few weeks and going to a specialist is the best thing to do in these cases.

Back pain bodybuilding – in fact – can sometimes even become chronic and become a great obstacle for training, limiting the number of exercises that can be performed and forcing the bodybuilder to substitute exercises to still train the various muscle groups.

Bodybuilding and back pain: prevention and treatment.

The correct approach to back pain requires the bodybuilder to prevent the pathology with targeted measures and not to underestimate the pain when it occurs, to avoid making the situation worse. \

The first exercise of all that stresses the back and in particular the lumbar spine is undoubtedly the squat. This exercise, despite recalling one of the most natural and primordial movements, hides many pitfalls: its execution requires a precise and correct activation of muscle groups, which if not respected increases the pressure on the intervertebral discs and on all the joints of the spine, of the pelvis and lower limbs.

It often happens to see athletes (professional and otherwise) perform this exercise without paying attention to keeping the back in the right position, thus maintaining the physiological lumbar lordosis and activating the muscles of the posterior chain (buttocks and hamstrings in particular). On the contrary, we worry more about bending the knees and getting off with the pelvis and we mainly work with the quadriceps or lumbar muscles, inevitably ending up in the long run with suffering from back pain and knee pain.

The same goes for deadlifts. Also in this case the movement should start from the pelvis with the contraction of the buttocks and the extension of the hips rather than extending the trunk using the muscles of the lumbar tract.

What precautions to take when performing these exercises to avoid back pain?

A first tip is to focus first on the correct execution of the exercises without worrying about the weight. The loads should only be increased when you are sure that you are exercising properly. Thanks to the internet it is possible to consult numerous tutorials on practically all the exercises that are carried out in the gym, but it would be even better to be followed directly by a qualified instructor, who will certainly be able to show the best way to train.

Regardless of which exercise you are carrying out, it is essential to have a good stability of the whole spine to avoid stressing the back structures too much. This is ensured by a correct respiratory pattern which, through the use of the diaphragm muscle, increases intra-abdominal pressure and puts tension on the muscles of the abdominal wall, which stabilize the vertebral tract and decrease the loads on the intervertebral discs. We are talking about Core Stability and that mechanism better known as “Valsalva maneuver” .

What to do instead if back pain occurs? When to stop training and when to continue with replacement exercises?

The back pain may occur acutely as a result of an accident or hurt the movement, or slowly and insidiously over several days or even weeks. In both cases it is good not to underestimate it and to think that it is a transitory situation or that the pain disappears by itself. Pain indicates that something is wrong, so it is good practice to take a break and contact a specialist who is able to make an accurate assessment and act directly, not only to reduce pain but also and above all to make sure it doesn’t show up again. Better still if the specialist you are contacting is able to evaluate the movement (or movements) that generated the pain and correct them directly together with the athlete.

In some cases, during the therapies it is possible to continue training , however avoiding all the exercises that cause an increase in pain and / or that stress the injured part .

What are the diseases that affect bodybuilding most often?

Hernias of the disc, muscle injuries and tendinitis are the most encountered problems in bodybuilders according to statistics. As I said earlier, wrong exercise execution, excessive workloads and too intense workouts without the right days of rest stress certain structures of the body which inevitably sooner or later end up inflamed and generate pain. The lack of stretching is also one of the factors that most predisposes the athlete to injury. Hypertonic and inflexible musculature limits and alters the movements which in turn force the joints to work incorrectly and suffer degeneration and inflammation.

What approach should the healthcare professional follow to help the patient deal with this condition?

The back pain can have several causes, thus identifying the structure that is causing the pain and above all to reassure the patient are, in my opinion, the priorities. It is common belief that once we begin to suffer from back pain or hernia , pain must accompany us for the rest of our lives. Mistaken! Back pain can be treated and must not in any way represent a limitation to our passions or our hobbies!

The first phase of the treatment generally consists in the use of instrumental and pharmacological therapies , followed by a functional recovery phase in which one intervenes to restore the correct functionality and the correct muscle balance.

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